The National Mediation Board
The National Mediation Board (NMB), established by the 1934 amendments to the Railway Labor Act of 1926, is an independent U.S. federal government agency that facilitates labor-management relations within the nation’s railroad and airline industries.
The NMB is headed by a three-member board nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The members self-designate a Chairman, typically on a yearly basis. Although appointed for three-year terms, members may serve longer until replaced. The NMB is the federal agency that appoints mediators to assist the parties with productive dialog on their negotiation issues.
Pursuant to the Railway Labor Act, NMB programs provide dispute resolution processes to effectively meet its statutory objectives including:
• avoiding interruption to commerce or to the operation of any carrier;
• forbidding any limitation upon freedom of association among employees;
• providing for the prompt and orderly settlement of all disputes concerning rates of pay, rules, or working conditions.